The aim of the Wetlands Green Life project is to protect and restore the key climate and biodiversity functions of peatlands, marshes and wetlands. The result will be the creation of conditions for the implementation of the Priority Action Framework (PAF) in wetlands of the Natura 2000 network and Green Infrastructure areas in Poland. The most important elements of the project will be active protection actions to improve the condition of swamps, peat bogs and wetlands, and educational initiatives to raise public awareness of the role wetlands have in mitigating climate change and water management, on both local and global levels.
The duration of the project is scheduled for 10 years, from December 1, 2022 to November 30, 2032. The project is financed by the European Commission - LIFE Financial Instrument and the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management. Total value of the project amounts to € 35,943,586.95. The European Commission's share in the project budget will be €21,566,152.17. The contribution of the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management will amount to € 12,580,255.00.
Peatlands are the fastest disappearing ecosystems in the world. Assessment of wetland condition is generally poor or unsatisfactory. The main threat to their existence are changes in hydrological conditions caused by improper land melioration. In order to fulfill its function and to last, the swamp must stay wet. Peat exploitation has an equally devastating impact on wetlands.
Meadows and other grasslands are the quintessence of the Polish landscape. Their condition depends on our farming practices. Abandonment of mowing most often leads to secondary natural succession and the emergence of invasive plant species. The transformation of meadows into arable fields or intensively used pastures and their drainage are the most common causes of their degradation.
Swamp forests and riparian forests are inextricably linked with the rivers along which they grow. The condition of these habitats mostly depends on the state of rivers and inland reservoirs. River regulations, disturbance of the rhythm of floods and development of river valleys are just some of the water management practices that contribute to the development of invasive species and the deteriorating condition of these unique ecosystems.